"The critical point is that the Constitution places the right of silence beyond the reach of government."
William Orville Douglas (1898–1980)
LLD 1979 (hon.)
A passionate supporter of the Bill of Rights and a staunch defender of civil liberties, William O. Douglas served on the Supreme Court for 36 years and seven months, longer than any other justice. In addition to championing the rights of privacy, free speech, and the environment, he authored several books on business law, American law, and civil rights, including We The Judges (1956) and A Living Bill of Rights (1961). Raised in Washington state, Douglas was also an avid naturalist who wrote many books on the subject, among them Men and Mountains (1950), Russian Journey (1956), My Wilderness (1962), and The Three Hundred Year War: A Chronicle of Ecological Disaster (1972).